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Anaemia - Still a rising concern in world.

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Anaemia - Still a rising concern in world.

        ​"Anemia essentially means decreased amount of Red blood cells or decreased amount of hemoglobin in blood that leads to decreased oxygen carrying capacity of blood."         Anemia - still a rising concern in the world. A large percentage of world population especially those from developing countries is anemic. Anemia mainly found in children and pregnant women have significant impact on health and growth. this condition can affect anyone from newborn babies to old age people. Anemia is a major concern all over the world. Simple measures taken on personal, family and community level can prevent the anemia and can lead to significant improvement in overall health of society. We here are enlisting causes of anemia so that we can give further explanation about each type and its prevention.        Many countries have started national programs for prevention and treatment of anemia but these programs are generally limited to childre…

Benefits of breast feeding.

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Benefits of breast feeding
Now a days It is a trend across the world, in which mothers are preferring not to breast the babies. This is certainly wrong and not the good for the babies health. It is even harmful to mothers who are not breastfeeding the babies. It is found that infant formula making companies are doing wrong marketing to sell their products at cost of harm to babies health. So let us see which are benefits of breast feeding. This will help mothers to think and decide in right direction.
Benefits of breast feeding to babies : Breast milk provides all necessary nutrients necessary for the babies except Vitamin D.Breast milk provides all nutrients necessary for development of brain growth of babies in adequate amount.Breast milk provides all needed nutrient to babies in easily digestible form.Breast milk is naturally devoid of dangerous bacteria and infections that can be harmful to babies.Only very few diseases can spread through breast milk.Breast milk helps to flourish th…

Rubella (German measles)

Rubella(German measles) What is Rubella (German measles)?
Rubella (Latin literally means "little red") is a highly contagious disease characterized by red rash though many times not so typical and detectable. It was very common in pre-immunization era still very common in countries where vaccination coverage is low.
Causative agent of Rubella (German measles)?
Rubella virus belongs to genus Rubivirus, Family of Togaviridae. It is single stranded RNA virus. It has icosahedral shaped capsid. How does it spread?
Since it is contagious disease it spread as airborne infection and through saliva, kissing, from mother to fetus in womb. The person who is asymptomatic or in incubation period may spread it through air while coughing, sneezing, talking and laughing.
How much is incubation period for Rubella?
14-21 days after exposure. Incubation period is period between exposure to infectious agent and manifestation of symptomatic disease.

What are symptoms of Rubella (German measles)? …

BCG vaccine - Why to give it?

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BCG Vaccine- Why to give it?

What is BCG vaccine? BCG is bacillus calmette guerin. It ia vaccine to prevent tuberculosis and sever tuberculosis.  BCG vaccine is derived from the bovine tuberculosis strain. It was first developed in 1921 by the French microbiologist, Albert Calmette, and the veterinary surgeon, Camille Guerin. It continues to be the only effective vaccine against tuberculosis. The two common strains in use are Copenhagen (Danish 1331) and Pasteur. Copenhagen (Danish) was produced in India at the BCG Laboratories, Guindy, Tamil Nadu till recently. ​The vaccine contains 0.1–0.4 million live viable bacilli per dose. It is supplied as a lyophilized (freeze-dried) preparation in vacuum sealed, multi-dose, dark colored ampoules or 2 ml vials with normal saline as diluent. 
What type of vaccine is BCG? BCG vaccine is a live vaccine. They are live bacteria without capacity to cause disease. After injecting it the recipient's immunity fights against it like it fights real infection. Thus …

Bed wetting in children and teens : Enuresis

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Bed wetting in children and teens : Enuresis
In simple words habit of passing urine unknowingly during sleep called bed wetting beyond certain age is known as enuresis in medical language. Though this phenomena is normal finding up to certain age, most of the children are dry during day and night by age 3-4 years. Remaining most gain bladder control by age 7 years.
Is your child still have habit of bed wetting? Are searching for more information on it. So here we are. We will discuss here the causes and the management of bed wetting. This is very common problem in daily OPD and can be managed successfully. 
What are causes of bed wetting? Anxiety : Improper toilet training in children leads to anxiety in their minds this children feel difficulty in controlling urine. The problem of enuresis continues till this anxiety is mitigated with support from family members and parents.Low confidence : The children which are scolded and laughed upon for their bed wetting habit have low confidence t…

How to stop breast feeding?

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How to stop Breast feeding?        There is plenty of material on how to initiate and maintain breast feeding. That is good guide for the mothers who are inexperienced and do not know about breast feeding. It is good to find such material handy on google and at the fingertips, that too from reliable sources. WHO is been strongly successful in promoting the breast milk which is very healthy practice for the young babies. But still when it is time to stop breast feeding mothers and babies find it difficult and in many cases uncomfortable to do so. So really there are few good sources to guide mothers and their little babies regarding this issue.
       Here we are going to discuss when and how to stop the breast feeding with more emphasis on non pharmacological methods as those are as efficient as pharmacological methods. Non pharmacological method is more gradual and gentle. It gives time to adjustment for both the baby and the mother.
So when to stop breastfeeding? It is recommended that…